COMPLETED INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCHES
2004 – 2011
- Six – Month Internship Training Program for Medical Laboratory Science Education: An Initial Evaluation by: Valdez, Anacleta P. (2011)In 2006, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) released CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) no. 14 which changed the duration of internship training program to six months as opposed to the previous memorandum order, CMO no. 27 s. 1998 which required a one-year internship schedule for Medical Laboratory Science (MLS) students. Thirty-eight graduates of CMO No. 14 s. 2006 from Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas and 13 chief medical technologists (CMT) or senior medical laboratory staff from identified affiliate hospitals were surveyed about their perception on the attainment of the objectives, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the said program. Results show that objectives were achieved even if the duration of the training period was shortened. The graduate-respondents favored the 6-month internship training program while the CMT preferred the one year timetable. This study can be used as a pilot study for other higher education institutions implementing the same CMO and can be used as a basis for a curricular reform by assessing the different parameters that were identified in order to enhance further the six month internship training program in producing globally competitive medical laboratory scientists.
How to Cite:
Valdez, A.P., Panganiban, C.A., Lumanglas, K. R. L., Calingasan, K. A., D., R. S., Guico, P. J. P., Montalbo, G. S., Pronobe, J. M. (2012). The Six-Month Internship Training Program for Medical Laboratory Science Education: An Initial Evaluation, JPAIR: Multidisciplinary Research, Vol. 9:269-283
- Anti-Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Activity of Terminalia Catappa (Talisai) Crude Leaf Extract by: Magbojos, Carina R. (2009) One of the major concerns in the healthcare system is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA infections have become increasing prevalent in many parts of the world. MRSA poses problems for treatment because these pathogens are usually resistant to other beta lactam agents and other antibiotics. There is a need for practical remedies in treating health problems through the use of medicinal plants. Terminalia catappa (talisai) is a plant reputed for its therapeutic properties. In this study, the crude extract of the fresh leaf of talisai was evaluated for its potential activity against the public health threat Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) for MRSA were also determined together with its biological stability in terms of storage and temperature. Preliminary screening showed that the crude extract of talisai leaves possesses anti-MRSA property. Using the disk diffusion method, the crude leaf extract of talisai was found active against MRSA isolates, which produced zones of inhibition ranging from 11.5-15 mm with an average of 13.1mm as compared to 14 mm and 13 mm zones of inhibition for S. aureus ATCC 25923 and S. aureus ATCC 43300 (MRSA) respectively. Using the agar dilution method, the crude extract of talisai leaves was found active against MRSA from 625 ug/ml up to >5,000 ug/ml concentration. However, the talisai crude leaf extract failed to exhibit bactericidal action even at high concentration of 5,000 ug/ml. This indicates that the minimum bactericidal concentration of the talisai crude extract against the same isolates is generally higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration. It also shows that the action of the talisai leaf extract is bacteriostatic. As to the biological activity of talisai, it was found out that the storage of the crude leaf extract at room temperature and refrigerated temperature for four consecutive weeks did not affect the anti-MRSA activity of the extract with a minimum inhibitory concentration ranging from 1250ug/ml to >5000ug/ml. Furthermore, the different degrees of temperature such as 50ºC, 80ºC and 120ºC did not affect the antimicrobial activity of the crude extract. The results indicate that the anti-MRSA activity of the talisai leaf extract is stable for a month when stored at room temperature or refrigerated temperature and on temperatures 50 ºC, 80 ºC and 120 ºC. It is important that the isolation and identification of the constituents of the crude extract of Terminalia catappa (talisai) leaves which are responsible for the anti-MRSA activity be performed. Other parts of talisai tree can also be used in assessing their anti-MRSA activity. Parameters such as pH and exposure to sunlight can also be added as factors that can affect the biological activity of talisai leaf. Clinical studies can be conducted on patients with MRSA infections regarding the clinical value of talisai. Keywords: MRSA, Terminalia catappa, Crude Extract
- Competencies of Career-Entry Medical Technology Graduates of LPU: Basis for Enhancement of Internship Training Program by: Valdez, Anacleta P. (2009)The role of medical technologists in the clinical laboratory has changed within the last five years due to changes in the laboratory environment. Substantial modification in the medical technology curriculum is needed to prepare graduates for technologic, regulatory, staffing and operational changes in laboratory medicine. The role of medical technologists in the clinical laboratory has changed within the last five years due to changes in the laboratory environment. Substantial modification in the medical technology curriculum is needed to prepare graduates for technologic, regulatory, staffing and operational changes in laboratory medicine. It is the ultimate goal of the College to prepare students for career entry positions as medical technology professionals. The curriculum should be designed to prepare the graduates and demonstrate the core competencies expected of them in the workplace. It is for this reason that this study was conducted to assess the career entry-level competencies expected of the graduates of the College of Medical Technology of Lyceum of Batangas. Findings of the study served as basis in enhancing the curriculum to make it more responsive to the needs of local and international healthcare systems. Using a descriptive method, the respondents were the chief medical technologists and immediate supervisors of selected hospitals who have as their staff LB Medical Technology graduates under the AHSE curriculum (2002-2006). A total of 77/138 (56%) graduates were evaluated using a structured type of questionnaire following a Likert scale with 5 as the highest and one as the lowest values. The parameters in the questionnaire were derived from the model formulated from the various competency-based standards of various local and international accrediting professional associations. Generally, the graduates’ entry-level competencies fall under the “always” category with a weighted mean of 4.35. However, attention should be given on the following to help the future graduates develop to the full extent these core competencies while in their internship training: to demonstrate ability to solve problems and make decisions in the management of his/her own workload, the workload of the team and in interactions with patients/clients and other members of the health care team; to learn how to evaluate and solve problems related to collection and processing of biological specimen for analysis; to be able to differentiate and resolve technical, instrument, physiological causes of problems or unexpected test results and the desire to always seek for continuing professional education. Based on the findings, there is a need to enhance the Medical Technology curriculum especially the internship training program using a competency-based model giving emphasis on implementation, evaluation and monitoring of the program and the students as well.
Keywords: Medical Technology, Graduates, Internship, Competencies
How to Cite using APA Style
Valdez, A.P. (2010). Competencies of Career-Entry Medical Technology Graduates of Lyceum of Batangas: Basis for Enhancement of the Internship Training Program, International Association of Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 4(1): 16-33
- Tracer Study of the BSPT Graduates of LB SY 2001-2006: Basis for Enhancement of Curriculum & College Services by: Valdez, Anacleta P. (2008)Surveys of graduates from institutions of higher education – are often seen as an important tool of institutional development especially when the world of work is changing rapidly. With this method the higher education institution can get a systematic feedback from their former students. To know the whereabouts of the graduates, their working conditions and their retrospective assessment of their course of study might stimulate the curricular debate and could be also very interesting for the current or later students. With the steady increase in the number of college graduates, employment opportunities have become very competitive. In line with its philosophy and vision of providing quality and relevant education, the Lyceum of Batangas would like to know how its graduates have fared in their individual professions. The respondents of this study are the Physical Therapy graduates from 2002-2006 only. It covered the job placement profile of the respondents, the perceived relevance of the school related factors to the job placement of the respondent and how useful are the skills and competencies acquired while in the institution and their work-values in meeting the demands of their present jobs. A total of 74/80 (93%) graduates responded in this five-year tracer study. Majority (93%) are presently employed within a year after graduation and related to the practice of the profession. School-related factors like the curriculum and instruction, competencies of the faculty, student services, organization and administrative services, skills, competencies and work-values learned and acquired in school were found to be very relevant in meeting the demands of the present jobs of the graduates.
Keywords: Employability, Graduates, Physical therapy, Curriculum
- Curriculum Model for Medical Technology: lessons from International Benchmarking by: Valdez, Anacleta P. (2008)Curriculum is a crucial component of any educational process. One of the basic functions of school management is to see to it that the curriculum is periodically implemented and improved. Reyes (2000) cited that curriculum development and instructional management serve as effective tools for meeting the present and future needs of the local and national communities. In the light of the decreasing enrollment in the program, the Commission on Higher Education through its Higher Education Development Project identified the Medical Technology program to be included in the list of six programs to be benchmarked for 2007 under CHED Special Order No. 19 series of 2007, “Benchmarking of the Curriculum on Priority Areas”. While Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas has consistently maintained high standards in curriculum and instruction, continuous improvement is a goal of the institution. Selected schools of Medical Technology in (1) Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.A.; (2) Sydney, Australia; and, (3) Bangkok, Thailand were visited. Data were gathered through in-depth review of documents, personal interview with the coordinating officers of the schools and classroom and hospital observations.Results show that in the institutions visited, the ladder concept is being used. Preparatory certificate programs in the first two years are offered leading to the Bachelor degree. There are major differences in the general education subjects and units. Competency-based certifying examinations are conducted by the ASCP, AMT or NAACLS and should be taken right after finishing the first two years. Upon completion of the bachelor degree another certifying examinations must be passed for them to work as medical technologists. Clinical practicum entails shorter duration but equipped with review courses. The benchmarking results guided the innovation of the existing curriculum and became the basis of enabling implementation activities: reform curriculum structure and content, reform and improve teaching and learning strategies and approaches and employ competency-based assessment process.
Keywords: curriculum development, international benchmarking, medical technology
How to cite using APA Style
Valdez, A.P. (2012). Curriculum Model for Medical Technology: Lessons from International Benchmarking, International Association of Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 3 (1): 292-301
- The Incidence of Intestinal Parasitism Among Pupils of Wawa Elementary School Wawa, Batangas City: Basis for Community Extension Program by: Reyes, Redencion (2007)
- Disability Patterns, Level of Awareness and Acceptability in Brgy. Wawa Batangas City: Basis for Community-Based Rehabilitation Program by: Gutierrez, Ma. Christina, Contreras, Marilou (2007)Most persons with disabilities (PWDs) are located in depressed urban and rural areas and the institution of Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programme in Barangay Wawa, Batangas City will help uplift the situation of the PWDs. The purpose of the study is to investigate the disability patterns, level of awareness and level of acceptability of PWDs as well as of adult residents of Barangay Wawa as a requisite for the establishment of a CBR programme which aims to enhance the quality of life and help integrate PWDs into the mainstream of society. Purposive sampling of 196 PWDs and 21 barangay health workers (BHW) and community leaders as well as random sampling of adult residents were surveyed. A 9-page questionnaire was given to each subject. Questions investigated the profile of the respondents, disability patterns, level of awareness regarding disability, PWDs, rehabilitation and CBR; and level of acceptability for the establishment of the CBR programme in their barangay. Descriptive statistics was used for interpretation of data. Barangay Wawa had evident needs for rehabilitation of its PWDs withb varying types and degrees of disability. The respondents had limited knowledge and awareness regarding disability, PWDs, rehabilitation and CBR but did have a high level of acceptability for a CBR programme. A comprehensive CBR programme needs to be proposed to Barangay Wawa that will include creation of positive attitudes and awareness towards PWDs, disability, rehabilitation and CBR as well as provision of a holistic rehabilitation scheme delivering medical, educational, social, vocational and health services.
Keywords: Disability, Awareness, Acceptability, Community-Based Rehabilitation, PWD
- Tracer Study of the Graduates of the College of Medical Technology, SY 1994-2004 by: Valdez, Anacleta P. (2007)
Graduate destination surveys or tracer studies are conducted by many tertiary institutions throughout the world for planning purposes and as an integral component of quality assurance systems. With the steady increase in the number of college graduates, employment opportunities have become very competitive.In line with its philosophy and vision of providing quality and relevant education, the Lyceum of Batangas would like to know how its graduates have fared in their individual professions. The respondents of this study are the Medical Technology graduates from 1994 -2004 only. It covered the graduates’ profile in terms of age, gender, civil status, and eligibility examination passed and the perceived relevance of the school related factors to the job placement of the respondent such as curriculum and instruction, competencies of the faculty, student services offered, organization and administration, physical plant and facilities including laboratories.A total of 217/477 (45%) graduates responded in this ten-year tracer study. Majority are female, single belonging to their early 20s. Fifty-nine percent have already passed the licensure examinations given by the Professional Regulation Commission. Majority (89%) work on a full-time basis related to the course. The skills, competencies and work-related values that the graduates have learned and acquired while at school and the performance in the examination and interviews conducted by the employers are considered to be the most important contributing factors in seeking employment after graduation.School-related factors like the curriculum and instruction, competencies of the faculty, student services offered, organization and administrative services were found to be very relevant in meeting the demands of the present jobs of the Medical Technology graduates.Keywords: Employability, Medical Technology, Graduates, Curriculum
- The Incidence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Among Women of Childbearing Age in Brgy. Wawa, Batangas City; Basis for Community Extension Program by Magbojos, Carina R. (2006)Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a condition in which there is significant bacteriuria in patients with no clinical symptoms of urinary tract infection such as dysuria, urinary frequency, incontinence of recent onset, flank pain and fever. The condition has been the most common medical complaint among women in their reproductive years. Barangay Wawa is a densely populated area at the heart of Batangas City. Many members of the community are female who belong to the childbearing age group. The study determined if the respondents have asymptomatic bacteriuria and if the incidence is correlated to their demography, common health practices and urinalysis results.Almost half of the women of childbearing age at Brgy. Wawa, Batangas City were asymptomatic. As to the demography, most of the respondents are married; have low monthly income; and have no underlying illness. Based on the common practices, more than half of them drink less than 6 glasses of water per day. Many of them urinate less frequently in a day; do not use contraceptives and vaginal deodorants; and wipe from front to back after bowel movement.The age, civil status, economic status, underlying conditions, water intake, frequency of urination, use of contraceptives and vaginal deodorants, frequency of perineal cleansing and the direction of wiping after bowel movement failed to correlate with the incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria due to the insufficient number of respondents. In addition, the results of the protein, nitrite and leukocyte esterase test also failed to correlate due to possible false negative results; however, the presence of white blood cells in the urine was found to be correlated with the incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria.In order to be more responsive to the healthcare needs of the community, the results of the study served as the basis for the community extension programs to be proposed by the College of Medical TechnologyKeywords: Asymptomatic bacteriuria, Childbearing age, Community extension
- Analysis of Community Health Needs for the Establishment of a Community Based Rehabilitation Program in Brgy. Malitam, Batangas City by: Dela Cruz, Dysus (2004)Asymptomatic however, the presence of white blood cells in the urine was found to be correlated with the incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria.In order to be more responsive to the healthcare needs of the community, the results of the study served as the basis for the community extension programs to be proposed by the College of Medical TechnologyKeywords: Asymptomatic bacteriuria, Childbearing age, Community extension